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All about Export Promotion Capital Goods Scheme (EPCG)


EPCG Scheme was launched in the 1990s to facilitate the import of capital goods with the aim to enhance the production quality of goods and services, thereby, increasing India’s international manufacturing competitiveness. This is a scheme relating to the import of capital goods at Zero duty. The benefit of zero duty is subject to the fulfillment of export obligations and other conditions.


To facilitate the import of capital goods for producing quality goods and services to enlarge India’s Export competitiveness.

1. Import capital goods by enjoying the zero-duty benefit first and then fulfilling the export obligation conditions within the stipulated period. This is called Pre-Export EPCG

2. Post Export EPCG: Under this, capital goods are imported first by paying import duty, then remission (refund)of import duties is claimed after fulfilling an export obligation

3. EPCG Scheme for capital goods purchased in India.



Capital goods’ has been defined under FTP. Such capital goods eligible must be used as per the eligibility conditions.



  • The scheme is subject to actual user condition and a certificate of installation in own premises shall be produced from Excise Dept./ other authorities.
  • Import must be made within 18 months of date of issue of authorization and no extension is granted.
  • Even the capital goods under the scheme are not transferable till the Export obligation is fulfilled.
  • The importer has to achieve an export turnover of 6 times the amount of import duty saved within 6 years of authorization.

Capital Goods defined: ‘ Means any plant, machinery, equipment or accessories required for manufacture or production, either directly or indirectly, of goods or for rendering services,including those required for replacement, modernization, technological upgradation or expansion. It includes packaging machinery and equipment , refrigeration equipment, power generating sets, machine tools, equipments and instruments for testing, research and development, quality and pollution control Capital goods may be for use in Manufacturing, Mining, Agriculture, Aqua culture, Animal husbandry, Floriculture, Horticulture, Pisciculture, poultry, sericulture and viticulture as well as for use in services sector.



EPCG is intended for promoting exports and the Indian Government with the help of this scheme offers incentives and financial support to the exporters. Heavy exporters could benefit from this provision. However, it is not advisable to go ahead with this scheme for those who don’t expect to manufacture in quantity or expect to sell the produce entirely within the country, as it could become almost impossible to fulfil the obligations set under this scheme.


What are other Schemes to Promote Export?

Merchandise Exports from India Scheme: MEIS was introduced in the Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) 2015-20, under MEIS, the government provides duty benefits depending on product and country.


Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), The licensing authority is the issuing authority. The following documents must be self-certified and attached to the DGFT portal:

  • GST Registration
  • Chartered Accountant Self-Certified Copy and Original Certificate of CA need to be attached.
  • IEC (Import Export Code)
  • Brochure
  • Digital Signature
  • Excise Registration
  • Proforma Invoice
  • Chartered Engineer Self-Certified Copy and Original Certificate
  • PAN Card
  • Registration Cum Membership Card
  • Registration certificate from Tourism Department

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